Racial/Ethnic Prejudice & Discrimination: Crash Course Sociology #35

Racial/Ethnic Prejudice & Discrimination: Crash Course Sociology #35

I think you’ll all agree with me that racism
is a…loaded topic. What is or isn’t racist – or who is or isn’t
racist – is one of the most hotly debated
issues in American society. Is racism about what you believe? Or is it about how you behave toward other races? What is prejudice?
And why does it exist? Sociology can’t make racism go away. And it can’t make it any less disturbing. It probably can’t even make the issue of
race and racism less loaded than it already is. But it can help us understand racism, and
understanding is an important start. [Theme Music] As always, let’s start by defining our terms. For one thing, what’s the difference between
racism, discrimination and prejudice? Prejudice is a rigid and unfair generalization
about an entire category of people. So, what exactly do I mean by unfair? Well, a prejudice assumes that something you think to
be true for a whole group applies to every individual
member of that group, too, with little or no evidence. Prejudice often takes the form of stereotypes,
or exaggerated and simplified descriptions that
are applied to every person in a category. Negative stereotypes are often directed at
people who are different from yourself, which means that people who are a minority in a
population are more likely to be negatively stereotyped. For example, two common stereotypes of people
who use government assistance are that they’re A) African-American -and-
B) gaming the system. But both of these ideas are demonstrably false. The majority of people on welfare are White,
and people who use social services like welfare
are also likely to need the extra help. But these stereotypes lead people to claim
that Black Americans, particularly single
mothers, are lazy or untrustworthy. This example is a specific type of prejudice:
racial prejudice. Racism includes beliefs, thoughts, and
actions based on the idea that one race is
innately superior to another race. Some take this definition further and argue that
racism is inherently tied up in structures of power, meaning that racism specifically refers to the belief that
a race with less societal power is inferior to other races. And, of course, racism can be explicit or
implicit. Explicit bias refers to the attitudes or beliefs we
have about a group that we’re consciously aware of. But implicit biases are a little bit more
insidious. These are the unconscious biases that we have
about other groups. While we might easily recognize an explicit
act of racism, like calling someone a racial slur, we often don’t consciously recognize how implicit
biases affect how we interact with each other. For example, a 2007 study by University of Colorado
social psychologist Joshua Correll and colleagues found that people’s implicit bias comes into
play when making judgments about how likely
it is that a person is holding a gun. Participants in the study played a videogame
in which the goal was to shoot people who
had a gun, but not shoot unarmed people. Participants were more likely to mistakenly shoot
an unarmed Black man than an unarmed White man. This was true whether the participants in the study
were White or Black, and it didn’t change, regardless of
what explicit biases the subjects said they had. What did seem to matter was if the subjects
said he or she was aware of stereotypes about
Black men and gun violence – even if the subjects adamantly disagreed
with those stereotypes. That said, it does seem like training can
make a difference. The sample for this study contained both a
sample of adult community members from Denver
and a sample of police officers. The study found that police officers – who are trained
to recognize when someone has a gun or not – were less susceptible to racial bias in who
they shot than a community member was. Also, we should note that like many studies
in psychology, this is a small sample design: about 130 members of the community and 230
police officers participated in the study. So, prejudice is about what people believe. But discrimination is a matter of action. Discrimination is simply described as any
unequal treatment of different groups of people. Most of us think about discrimination in terms of
specific actions, like calling someone a racial slur, or
refusing to do business with a certain type of person. But racism can be bigger than one individual. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble to talk about
institutional racism. Institutional prejudice and discrimination are the biases
that are built into the operation of society’s institutions,
like schools, banking systems, and the labor force. The concept of institutional racism was
highlighted by civil rights activists Stokely Carmichael
and Charles Hamilton in the 1960s, who argued that institutional racism is harder to identify
and therefore less often condemned by society. Carmichael and Hamilton compared
society’s response to the suffering caused by
white terrorists bombing black churches, to the lack of attention given to thousands of
black children who suffered for different reasons – like from the lack of access to quality
housing, food, healthcare, or schooling. Bombing black churches is an overt act of racism,
motivated by racial hatred, so it’s easy to understand
as racism. By contrast, elevated rates of sickness and death
– which stem from structural disadvantages –
aren’t the fault of any one individual’s racial animus. But it still results in discrimination on
the basis of race. And it’s much more likely to go unnoticed,
because there’s no single person to blame. Together, prejudice and discrimination form
a vicious cycle that entrench social disadvantages. The cycle starts with prejudice taking hold
in a society, often as a strategy for consolidating
economic or social power for a certain group. This prejudice then motivates discrimination
against the minority group, both at an individual and
institutional level, which forces the group into a
lower position in society. Then, this social disadvantage means that the
minority group is seen as less successful and
therefore inferior to the majority group, seemingly justifying the original prejudice
– and the cycle continues. Thanks Thought Bubble. So that’s what racism is. Now, why does it exist? One theory of prejudice is known as scapegoat
theory, also known as frustration-aggression theory. Scapegoat theory frames prejudice as a defense
mechanism on the part of frustrated people who blame another, more disadvantaged group
for the troubles that they face, even when those
troubles stem from structural changes. Economic anxiety is seen as a common trigger
for scapegoating – fear of losing jobs leads to blaming immigrants for
taking jobs, rather than looking at how globalization
and automation have changed the economy. A second theory was proposed in the 1950s by
German sociologist Theodor Adorno and his colleagues, who were trying to understand
how fascism and anti-semitism took hold in
Germany before and during World War II. The authoritarian personality theory sees prejudice
as the outgrowth of a certain personality profile – one that’s associated with authoritarianism,
or the desire for order, tradition, and strong leaders
who will maintain the status quo. People with authoritarian personalities tend to see
society as hierarchical, with people who are naturally
superior having the right to power over others. So according to this theory, racial prejudice is
heightened when an authoritarian personality feels
there’s some moral or physical threat to their way of life. Both this theory and the scapegoat theory
see prejudice as a reaction that certain types
of people have – people who are frustrated or people who
have a certain personality type. A third theory of prejudice takes a different
tack. Culture theory claims some prejudice can be found
in everyone, because people are products of the culture
they live in – and we live in a prejudiced culture. This is what some people mean when they say
“everyone’s a little bit racist.” That, or, they just like quoting Avenue Q. We learn racial prejudice and stereotypes
through a kind of cultural osmosis. For example, history textbooks tend to be written from
a Euro-caucasian perspective and focus mainly on the
contributions of White people, rather than other cultures. And this relates to yet another approach, which
measures prejudice in terms of social distance. In the 1920s, American sociologist Emory Bogardus
developed the social distance scale, which measures how closely people are willing to
interact with people from different races and ethnicities. Social distance is a kind of proxy for how much
of an ‘other’ you see members of another race. Just like how geographic distance makes
you more likely to generalize about a group
of people who are different from yourself, social distance increases the likelihood that
you might hold stereotypical or prejudiced views
about another racial group. And the final theory of prejudice is one we’ve
talked about before: conflict theory. Race-Conflict Theory focuses on how social
inequality develops as the result of power conflicts
between different racial and ethnic groups. Under this theory, prejudice is a tool for
maintaining the power of the majority. For example, the argument that Whites are a superior
race was used as a justification for slavery and the racial
discrimination that continued long after slavery ended. So, people may think about and treat each
other differently, based on their race or ethnicity,
in many different ways. But the ways in which racial groups interact
within a society are often described by sociologists
in terms of four broad patterns: pluralism, assimilation, segregation, and genocide. Pluralism is a state in which all races and ethnicities
are distinct, but have equal social standing. This isn’t a society that’s color blind per se –
because people still have different racial heritages
that are recognized in society. But in terms of how social and economic resources
are distributed, the color of one’s skin plays no role. So, is the US pluralistic? Ehh… not exactly. The United States is pluralistic by the letter
of the law. But in a practical sense, there’s still a lot of racial and
ethnic stratification, and despite having equal legal
standing, all races do not have equal social standing. Now, in contrast to pluralism, in which
different races remain distinct, assimilation describes the process by which minorities
gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture. By adopting the modes of dress, values, religion, language, and lifestyles of the majority culture, minorities are sometimes able to avoid prejudice or discrimination. But assimilation is much easier for some groups
than others. And it’s easier if you look and sound like
the group that you’re trying to assimilate to. A third pattern of racial interaction is to
just…not interact. Segregation is the physical and social separation
of categories of people. Racial segregation has a long history in the
United States, with racial minorities historically being
segregated into lower quality neighborhoods,
occupations, and schools. Much of the segregation under the law – also
known as De Jure Segregation – has since been prohibited through court cases
and laws such as Brown v. Board of Education. But De Facto segregation, or segregation due
to traditions and norms, still remains. People live in neighborhoods, attend schools,
and work mostly with people like themselves. This self-segregation has led to high levels
of racial stratification. About one-quarter of black students attend public
schools that have more than 90% students of color – and those schools tend to have
less resources available to them. De jure school segregation may be over, but de facto segregation has all but insured that the public school system remains separate and unequal for many Americans. Sometimes, however, racial prejudice has consequences
beyond segregation and inequality. Racism can lead to genocide, or the the systematic
killing of one group of people by another. Whether we’re talking about the attacks on indigenous
populations by colonizers starting in the 1600s, the Armenian genocide by the Ottoman Empire during
World War I, the Holocaust during World War II, or modern examples in Rwanda and Darfur,
genocide represents some of the worst of humanity. And it is usually motivated by racism. We can’t talk about race without talking
about how people have used racist attitudes
as an excuse for violence and subjugation. But hopefully, what we’ve talked about today
will give you some context for thinking about
how race plays out on a societal scale. Today, we discussed prejudice, stereotypes,
racism, and five theories for why prejudice exists. We talked about discrimination and the legacies
of institutional racism. And we ended with an overview of four types
of racial interaction: pluralism, assimilation,
segregation, and genocide. Crash Course Sociology is filmed in the Dr.
Cheryl C. Kinney Studio in Missoula, MT, and
it’s made with the help of all of these
nice people. Our animation team is Thought Cafe and Crash
Course is made with Adobe Creative Cloud. If you’d like to keep Crash Course free for
everyone, forever, you can support the series
at Patreon, a crowdfunding platform that allows
you to support the content you love. Thank you to all of our patrons for making
Crash Course possible with their continued support.

Author: Kennedi Daugherty

100 thoughts on “Racial/Ethnic Prejudice & Discrimination: Crash Course Sociology #35

  1. Racism is not only about hate. It can also be about in group preference and the desire to fight for what is best for yourself and your own group. By the way, fighting for what is best for your own is a thing that all races do with people of european heritage being the unique exception. Whites are prohibited by law from having groups advocating for whites best interest. The word racist/m is merely a weapon of social control against white people.

  2. I think racism is a hotly debated topic in America due to the several hundred years of working other humans to death as slaves. Early American society co opted any new scientific discipline it could to justify their continued slavery after other European societies had abandoned it. The fact that to this day your nation is racked with racial problems is a legacy of those days. This is a very childish view of todays racism in the USA.

    Here's some stuff you missed…

    How your Highways Agency was deliberately ripping the heart out of African American communities during the epic motorway projects of the 50's and 60's to "open up" cities to the motorcar. At the same time it shut down public transport such as the electric tram which previously black people had used in large numbers.

    Your mortgage lenders "red lined" areas of the black community, denying them loans and subsequent house ownership.

    Black communities regularly are not given the same environmental protections that are afforded to white communities and polluting industries are often sited near their communities, affecting their health.

    When large corporations pulled out of some cities, like say Gary or Detroit, white flight saw most of the tax base flee the area, leaving behind the poor to try and maintain the city infrastructure and services. A higher proportion of those poorer people would have been black, who lacked the resources to leave these failing cities. A downward spiral into urban decay by these cities, left behind by white flight, help perpetuate the myth that black people are somehow unable to maintain cities.

    These are actual policies that you could educate people about, which could actually arm them with knowledge on how America is incredibly racist towards the black people to this day.

  3. Assimilation is the key to creating a functional society. Separate, but equal, is segregation and an impossible goal. Immigrants are more than likely going to have different social norms and may or may not look different than those in the society to which they have moved. European immigrants to the US were looked down on by the establishment, even though they looked similar. Over time, "yesterday's" immigrants whom assimilate into the majority transform that society, just like adding a little sugar into a glass of tea sweetens all of the tea AFTER proper mixing. In the end, I believe, people are people no matter where you go in the world. They want to provide for their families and help others meet their needs.
    In the immortal words of Rodney King, "Why can't we all just get along?"

  4. Catching up!! Thank you for these videos. Keep the good work! If you find the comment section disturbing on a topic like racism or gender, it's because you guys did a good job and showed as many perspectives as you could.

  5. Of course, white supremacists will say that pluralism and assimilation ARE genocide. Against whites. Because we're being systematically murdered by diversity, apparently.

  6. Discrimination isn't defined as such ('unequal treatment') under international law and legal theory. Discrimination is treatment which has the purpose or effect of impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise of equal rights, freedoms, and opportunities. You can treat people unequally and for it to not be discrimination, if the purpose and effect of the unequal treatment is to repair the existing inequality of rights, freedoms and opportunities.

  7. Races and ethnicities does matter-we are diffrent some are better in one thing in general and others are better in something else!
    I think that there are superior ethnicities and i am racist, but I dont wish death upon other races and ethnicities-Ijust dont want most of them in my society and I have right to say that!Mass globalisation is evil-USA is evil!

  8. Prejudice, i.e. the quote "The process begins with the individual woman's acceptance that american women, WITHOUT EXCEPTION, are socialized to be racist, classist and sexist, in varying degrees…" -3rd wave feminist brainwash

  9. Once again, stop using "Race" and use "Lineage" instead. Being Black is not the same as being a Descendant of Slaves.

  10. Hog Wash! I hate black people because I've victimized Too many times by them because my skin is the wrong color (white)! I spent 30 days in the hospital because of black racist haters!
    the only difference between a conservative and a liberal, is that the liberal hasn't been raped, pimped out, or mugged yet!

  11. you are lazy if you're living off welfare for yeeeears. people on welfare shouldnt have stuff that they can not afford to buy. like an iphone.

  12. Hmmm, police officers are LESS likely to be prejudiced in terms of shooting unarmed black people? Doesn't seem to fit the typical media narrative. Lol

  13. Again it is so sad to see so much racism and hatred in the comments from narrowminded bigots.Keep up the good work, Nicole. Your videos are always factual, to the point and educational – they have all helped me as a student of the Social Sciences. Thank you for sharing.

  14. A major social problem… "As to racial prejudice, the corrosion of which, for well-nigha century, has bitten into thefiber, and attacked the whole social structure of American society, it should be regarded as constituting the most vital and challenging issue…" ~ Bah'ai Faith

  15. Ottoman Empire didn't genoside Armenian. Armenizn revolted to Ottoman empire by English encouragement. So Ottoman empire have to get out Armenian from border. In addition, USA government don't recognize Armenian geneside. Please reapprise this video.

  16. you have such a weird viewpoint o n things, you are factually correct but the dots are connected in an unrealistic way, you describe a world that only exists in textbooks written by people who think they can study people with "people studies" and coudn't be more inaccurate in most of the conclusions and theories stemming from these studies and are preached like scripture in our public schools. Sociology is NOT an exact science but a tool of indoctrination of a particular worldview and eventually mass mind conrol =mass control of actions.

  17. the amount of white people in the comments saying “it’s ok to be white” IM LAUGHING no one even said that it was a bad thing to be white

  18. Very interesting video, she only stated facts, so I hardly understand all the downvotes. Are there really so many armenian genocide deniers? Doubt it. Who are the delicates snowflakes again?

  19. “The Armenian genocide by the Ottoman Empire” ???
    Please read the history of Ottoman not from European perspective. To be honest and firstly answer the question of what Ottoman actually acted during WW 1 if you can. And never forget Srebrenitsa, Palestine, Rwanda, Iraq, Kuwait, Afganistan, Vietnam and so on. Search and understand what genocide is and how thousand of people can be death by superpowers. Where is fair or humanity?

  20. The truth is hard to stomach that the vast majority of people on welfare are white red state voters who put trump in the oval office.

  21. Racism: That which follows especially if you have nationally adopted the use of such a flawed social construct as "race" (and then regularly utilize the construct to make comparisons). I just hope the construct isn't still too contagious to spread to countries that have been more or less able to avoid it.

  22. The power+prejudice theory completely falls apart with the mere existance of Jews and Asians. Jews and Asians are the most wealthy and powerful people in the world yet still face incredible amounts of racism, particularly Jews.

  23. Do I feel there is institutional racism? YES! With that said this elementary drivel with absolutely no understanding of the real underlying issues is purely pandering and virtue signaling to the lowest common denominator.

  24. Let's be honest… As long as there is divisiveness, racism will never fade. Nationalism, religion, the Olympics, beauty contests, borders, tariffs, labeling of countries, etc. these promote divisiveness… John Lennon actually wrote a song about this

  25. I gave you a "like" but as a Sociology teacher, I must ask you to slow down! My students cannot follow you because you speak too fast. This makes these videos worthless to them and to me. And stop speaking to a "thought bubble." Speak to adults who are offended by this. You can do better than this.

  26. I really admire your work but I am really disappointed to find out that you see Ottoman Armenian conflict in WW1 as a genocide. I encourage you to read both sides before you come to any conclusion.

  27. “I'm sorry, but I don't want to be an emperor. That's not my business. I don't want to rule or conquer anyone. I should like to help everyone if possible; Jew, Gentile, black man, white. We all want to help one another. Human beings are like that. We want to live by each other's happiness, not by each other's misery. We don't want to hate and despise one another. In this world there is room for everyone, and the good earth is rich and can provide for everyone. The way of life can be free and beautiful, but we have lost the way. Greed has poisoned men's souls, has barricaded the world with hate, has goose-stepped us into misery and bloodshed. We have developed speed, but we have shut ourselves in. Machinery that gives abundance has left us in want. Our knowledge has made us cynical; our cleverness, hard and unkind. We think too much and feel too little. More than machinery, we need humanity. More than cleverness, we need kindness and gentleness. Without these qualities, life will be violent and all will be lost. The airplane and the radio have brought us closer together. The very nature of these inventions cries out for the goodness in men; cries out for universal brotherhood; for the unity of us all. Even now my voice is reaching millions throughout the world, millions of despairing men, women, and little children, victims of a system that makes men torture and imprison innocent people. To those who can hear me, I say, do not despair. The misery that is now upon us is but the passing of greed, the bitterness of men who fear the way of human progress. The hate of men will pass, and dictators die, and the power they took from the people will return to the people. And so long as men die, liberty will never perish. Soldiers! Don't give yourselves to brutes, men who despise you, enslave you; who regiment your lives, tell you what to do, what to think and what to feel! Who drill you, diet you, treat you like cattle, use you as cannon fodder. Don't give yourselves to these unnatural men – machine men with machine minds and machine hearts! You are not machines, you are not cattle, you are men! You have the love of humanity in your hearts! You don't hate! Only the unloved hate; the unloved and the unnatural. Soldiers! Don't fight for slavery! Fight for liberty! In the seventeenth chapter of St. Luke, it is written that the kingdom of God is within man, not one man nor a group of men, but in all men! In you! You, the people, have the power, the power to create machines, the power to create happiness! You, the people, have the power to make this life free and beautiful, to make this life a wonderful adventure. Then in the name of democracy, let us use that power. Let us all unite. Let us fight for a new world, a decent world that will give men a chance to work, that will give youth a future and old age a security. By the promise of these things, brutes have risen to power. But they lie! They do not fulfill that promise. They never will! Dictators free themselves but they enslave the people. Now let us fight to fulfill that promise. Let us fight to free the world! To do away with national barriers! To do away with greed, with hate and intolerance! Let us fight for a world of reason, a world where science and progress will lead to all men's happiness. Soldiers, in the name of democracy, let us all unite!”

  28. So what am I? that believes human races or sub races if you will do exist, but i don't think that some certain race (wichever it is) is superior or better than other.

  29. Thank you fer yer hard work and Educating the majority of White Folks…After GENOCIDE, FORCED ASSIMILATION, RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION, INSTITUTIONAL RACISM, PEDOPHILES…………..I don HATE WHITE FOLKS but get ANGRY AS HELL WHEN the MAJORITY does no SPEAK UP n SHUT DOWN the RACISTS which does nuthin but ENABLE and EMPOWER them in this thinkin……like these past 25 months of STRUMPETS n the OPENLY RACIST GOP.

  30. White supremists use nationalism as a euphemism to hide their true agenda, and use the victim card, claiming that they are being attacked by the system in order to justify their subtle racist ideologies, and make the claim that they are attacked for white pride, while other groups are prideful, but the difference is that we promote our pride, and establish movements/organizations for the sole purpose of fighting to be treated equal, they promote their pride, and and nationalist neo nazi movement for the sole purpose of trying to be the most superior…

  31. In my opinion this is tribal behavior: if someone from my tribe does something bad, then that person is bad. If someone from another tribe does something bad, then that tribe is bad as a whole. The term "tribe" may refer to nation, race, sex, religion, education… everything that can be used to differentiate people.

  32. I’m from Africa… I’ve had zero of these problems in America
    You Americans are hilarious and clearly need to learn about travel – and not using hotels to live in ‘little America’
    But film it so I can watch your bubble burst
    I speak 5 languages along with a host of other skills which puts me above white Americans in every hierarchy I’ve put myself into
    You’re wrong

  33. thank you for this series! this is really helping me in my university intro to sociology course, lol i watch these videos more than i go to class

  34. That’s a bad definition of Authoritarianism. It doesn’t need to enforce tradition or a mainstream status quo. It can enforce anything.

  35. If we allow criminal records to be seen by employers, then more black men will be hired because unfortunately the stereotype that they’re most likely to be criminal hasn’t gone away just yet. This is one way you help Pluralism.

  36. I have a friend
    That’s racist
    But he’s from another nation
    But remember DONT BE RACIST

  37. Fact: 43% of welfare recipients in 2010 were white. Whites made made up 73% of the population (under represented)
    18% of welfare recipients were African American. AMs made made up 13% of the population (over represented)
    30% of welfare recipients were Hispanic. Hispanics made made up 16% of the population (over represented)


  39. I've been a waiter for 16yrs n 85 prrcent ofblack people r demanding, rude, try to get things for free than on top of that.. Dont tip hardly ever. Im a liberal but working customer service is turning me into a stereo typing racist

  40. I think it's really important that in regards to the topic of race and when studies are conducted to better understand racism and prejudice, white participants and black participants should not be the only participants used to help us understand the average mindset in regards to how racism and prejudice are viewed in society … Because some of the seriously disregarded, persecuted, oppressed minorities in all of north America, along with those who are massively stereotyped include aboriginal people and Muslim and Arab people. If only black people are used in studies of racism, and prejudices, then naturally society only perpetuates insitutionalized racism/prejudice toward aboriginal people, Muslim people, and Arab people. This teaches people that saying the 'n' word to a black person isn't okay, discriminating against black people in regards to emplyment and education isn't okay, and police brutality must end, … however in regards to calling an aboriginal person a "drunk indian" or Muslim or Arab people "terrorists", or discriminating against any of these people in terms of jobs and education, and police violence and brutality towards these people, isn't only justifiable, it's in fact almost completely unnoticed and disregarded… hence why, when dealing with the topic of racial injustice, discrimination and racism, it is imperative to include the greatest minorities and the individuals currently facing the greatest acts of discrimination and bigotry… Aboriginal people are unfortunately on the top of that list, and Arabs and Muslims follow behind.

  41. Racist is a word used only on white people, only white people are being told that they must hand their countries over to Africa, or be considered racist and xenophobes!
    Yet, South Africa, at this moment, is stealing the farms away from white people and giving them to black people. Mugabe of Zimbabwe did the same thing. Haitians killed off the white race.
    So racist is a word used only on white people.

  42. thank you for the information, sis. I took a sociology course a year or two ago, and I couldn't remember what each word meant. greatly appreciated!

  43. Each race except whites is always racist. The only way forward? Whites must also be racist. Whites must accept racism without shame. Racism is just pattern recognition. Racism is realism. Whites must proclaim themselves realist. They must also embrace hate, a clean, honest emotion. Hate is a weapon to protect those you love. Segregation is the only moral solution.

  44. The word 'racism' has become one of the most watered down words to basically include discrimination – when the two words don't necessarily mean the same thing. You really needed to explain the definition more specifically so others understand.

  45. Racism provides a basis and "a situation which, if allowed to drift, will, cause the streets of American cities to run with blood" – Citadel of Faith, 1947-1957, Baha'i Faith



  48. woah woah woah. You lost me with the jump to institutional racism being the cause for black problems! How? Is there any evidence of that

  49. This is for children and makes many leftist assumptions not in fact . And no mention of communism and their cuase of the 2 largest genocides in history the Soviet union and China. When equality of outcome was state imposed like this piece is leaving as the only way to eliminate racism. But people who are equal should be allowed to fail. Dont take that failure away by sayong there vague ambiguous social injustice responsible for there failing. It dedtroys the will to strive if convinced under false pretenses the land i wich they live hates them for things they cant cant control. Its harmful and its a lie. Shame on you!

  50. You mentioned that it's not so easy to spot unconscious prestigious and systematic institutional racism. There for it's not ever talked about or delt with (paraphrasing)

    But I think it is known about. But there aren't any solutions offered by people who are demanding it to be looked at. And there is no info on what exactly is systemic racism and what is just culture and personal experience. I think a more intelligent way for presenting this would be to have examples of what can be done.

    I don't actually believe there is an institutional racism problem. But I can only comment from my experience and talking to my friends.

    I actually believe saying things like that can lead to dangerous results too. I would love to hear some ideas or clarification on how we get stats on "institutional racism"

  51. The content of this video is good, but the presentation lacks empathy or understanding of the human impact or consequences of discrimination.

  52. I was a racist. Jesus taught me to open my mind and my heart. I was mugged by a gang of minorities as a kid. My parents were cut up
    by a gang of latinos not long after. I have forgiven them as best as I can. They were broken people who didn't have Jesus in their lives.
    I am sorry for my past hatreds and wish all would do the same. Forgiveness and understanding are not easy. But he who conquers himself is mightier than he who conquers a nation! —Let go… and Love. —JBC

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