Health Planning & Management Community Medicine

Health Planning & Management Community Medicine


Hi……….welcome to abmbbs……today’s
topic is “HEALTH PLANNING & MANAGEMENT”…..this video is based on the HEALTH PLANNING chapter
from the PARK textbook of Community Medicine….in the 1st part of the video I would be talking
about Health Planning……and…..in the 2nd part, I will briefly discuss… the important
Health committees given in the textbook……so…..1st tell me the difference between objective….target….&
goal…. objective is the planned endpoint of all activities….it
is either achieved or not achieved…..it is precise…. target ….is… a discrete activity which
gives us an idea about the degree of achievement………..targets are concerned with the factors involved in
the problem….whereas….. objective is concerned directly with the problem in itself…. for example….when I say we will publish
a 100 hundred videos by December 2017….it is a target…bcz ..it is concerned with the
factors involved with the problem….but.. when I say…. we will achieve a 1000 subscribers
by December 2017….it is an objective…..bcz it is concerned with the problem in itself… finally…a goal…is the ultimate desired
state towards which all our efforts are directed..it is not bound by time or resources….it is
our ultimate destination.. Next we come to plan….a plan is a blueprint
for taking action…it prevents wastage of resources & helps develop the best course
of action. Next we come to the topic of Planning cycle….it
tells us the sequence of steps needed to be taken whenever we are faced with any health
situation in a community…at first, we have to analyze the health situation…next , we
need to establish the goals & objectives…then, we need to assess the resources & fix priorities…next,
we need to write up an effective plan…..&…. skillfully implement it…finally, we need
to monitor our plan carefully… & evauate it from time to time….. Next we come to an important question which
is often asked in the exams….What is the difference between cost benefit analysis & cost
effective analysis?? In cost benefit analysis , benefits are analyzed
based on monetary terms……example plan A costs Rs 1000 whereas plan B costs Rs 1500….so
plan A is better because it is cheaper… whereas….in cost effective analysis….
benefits are analyzed based on terms of results achieved….example number of lives saved
or number of disease free days…. example plan A saves 100 lives whereas plan B saves
50 lives….so plan A is better because it saves more lives. This bring us to the end of the 1st part of
the video…..now coming to the diffrnt health committees…. The first committee that you should be knowing
about is the BHORE committee….it was also known as the HEALTH SURVEY & DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE….it
propagated the idea of social physicians…these people were given a short 3 months training
in preventive & social medicine…& they would be allowed to treat minor illnesses in the
society…it proposed 2 plans…..a short term plan…& ….a long term plan….according
to the the short term plan there would be 1 PHC per 40 thousand patients…& it would
be 30 bedded……while…according to the long term plan….there would be 1 PHC per
10 to 20 thousand patients…& it would be 75 bedded….this was what was known as the
3 million plan… Next came the MUDALIAR committee which was
also known as …..the Health Survey & Planning Committee…now if you notice….planning
starts with “P”..,.& Mudaliar starts with “M”….so we get a bit of a pneumonic
here……also dont confuse it with the BHORE committee because that was HEALTH SURVEY & DEVELOPMENT
committee….The mudaliar committee gave the concept of ALL INDIA HEALTH SERVICE Next there was the CHADAH committee which
proposed the idea of BASIC HEALTH WORKER The KARTAR SINGH committee which gave the
idea of Male or female Health Worker There was the JUNGALWALLA committee….which
was also called “ COMMITTEE on INTEGRATION of HEALTH SCIENCES “…..now if you notice
carefully….I & J look remarkably similar….ha..ha..ha…..so there’s another pneumonic for you….& in
case you are wondering why such a weird name?…..Jungalwalla….then remember its because this committee proposed
the idea of banning private practise… Finally we come to the SRINIVASTAVA committee…..everything
about this committee was about health education….it was also called THE GROUP ON MEDICAL EDUCATION
& SUPPORT MANPOWER…it proposed the REORIENTATION OF MEDICAL EDUCATION scheme…or the ROME
scheme…..notice the under lying theme here?…its all about medical education….This committee
also gave the Village Health Guide scheme….& gave the concept of 3 tier village infrastructure… This brings us to the end of this video.You
can also watch the other videos in this channel.The link is available right here. Guys….thank you for watching this video…Please
do not forget to like , share & subscribe if you like our work….. You can also suggest
us topics to do videos on by commenting on the section below…….Bubyeeee……& happy
learning..

Author: Kennedi Daugherty

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