Demographic structure of society – immigration | Society and Culture | MCAT | Khan Academy

Demographic structure of society – immigration | Society and Culture | MCAT | Khan Academy


Voiceover: Immigrants often
face severe challenges when arriving in a new country. People seem the conflicting
desire to help others and the fear of anything different. This internal conflict really comes to life when considering immigrants. People want to help but
are wary of the different cultures and customs
immigrants bring with them. But the main issue here is that number of immigrants can put a pressure
on the job opportunities and welfare capabilities of a country. Immigrants tend to move
to the more industrialized nations, like the large
numbers of immigrants moving into North America,
the oil rich areas of the Middle East and the industrial economies of Europe and Asia. Two points: these immigrants
can be functional to the receiving country by alleviating labor shortages and also for the sending country by reducing the population there which can relieve some of the strain on an economy that can’t support a large number of people depending on it. But immigration can also be dysfunctional. For these same economic
reason, immigrants can also be exploited by
countries that are interested in maximizing their profits
while being unconcerned about the global, social
and economical inequality that results from their profit-seeking. The immigration itself can
cause problems sometimes. If too many people move to one area the social services there
are not able to handle the sudden increase in demand. Or if too many skilled
people leave a country it can be harmful to the
future of that country. Then of course there is a
fear and dislike of immigrants who are a different race than
those of the host country. People will migrate for
many different reasons, often though it is
because of war or famine in their home country or because a person simply can’t make a living
in their home country. Transnational people move across borders to find better jobs and education. Some people will seek to
obtain dual-citizenship so they aren’t bound by a single country. Transnational corporations
take advantage of cheap labor in different countries to bring cost down and revenue up. Every country has their
own immigration policies but they’re often biased
depending on where the applicant is originally from. Race and ethnicity tend
to be the cause for biased policies and different
expectations of people based on their socially constructed group. In 1986, the United States passed the Immigration Reform and Control Act which forbade the hiring of
illegal immigrants but it also extended amnesty
and legal status to the illegal immigrants already
living in the United States. Recently, some countries
are implementing policies that encourage the families of immigrants to also move into the country, to help keep money in their economy instead of the immigrants sending it
to their families abroad. An interesting effect of globalization on immigration, can be seen
on the European Union. Residents of countries in
the EU can live and work in any country in the
EU, linking the economies of those countries even more tightly. Since September 11th 2001, immigration has become more difficult across the globe. Countries have increased
security checks and scrutiny on people seeking to move
to a different country. But for many, even this it
not enough to discourage their desire to migrate
in hopes of a better life.

Author: Kennedi Daugherty

3 thoughts on “Demographic structure of society – immigration | Society and Culture | MCAT | Khan Academy

  1. This is a serious question why was this on the medicine channel the only I could think of is that diseases could from country to country but I dont know , but good video.

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